Conductivity transmitters measure the electrical conductivity in a liquid. This is done in order to avoid excessive salinity, which can cause corrosion in e.g. air-conditioning systems.
Constant differential pressure, control mode
Constant differential pressure can be used in circulating systems with a pipe system with low pressure loss and with control valves to generate a variable flow.
A convector is a heating surface that transfers heat mainly by convection. Convection is the process by which heat is transferred when cooler air flows over the warm surface of a solid material.
A cooling jacket enables a portion of the pumped liquid or an external liquid to be circulated around the motor stator housing. This absorbs excess heat by forced convection, ensuring efficient cooling of the pump.
Water-carrying cooling ceilings can be used as a supplement, if cooled-air temperature regulation systems are insufficient. The cooling effect is primarily achieved through the absorption of heat, with convection being a secondary function.