A direct system is a heating system where the heat emitters are directly connected to a boiler or district heating system. This means, that the district heating water is supplied directly to the consumer’s radiators or other heat surfaces.
A discharge de-superheater can be used in a cooling plant to produce domestic hot water. This is possible when there is a simultaneous demand for both cooling and hot domestic water in the building.
Disinfection is an essential step in a water treatment process. Depending on the method and water quality, different by-products are generated which could affect the final water quality.